Considere o texto abaixo para responder à questão.Senate Passes Plan to Cut $35 Billion From DeficitBy Jonathan WeismanWashington Post Staff WriterFriday, November 4, 2005; A01
The Senate approved sweeping deficit-reduction legislation last
night that would save about $35 billion over the next five years by
cutting federal spending on prescription drugs, agriculture supports and
student loans, while clamping down on fraud in the Medicaid program.
The measure would also open Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife
Refuge to oil drilling, a long-sought goal of the oil industry that took
a major step forward after years of political struggle. A bipartisan
effort to strip the drilling provision narrowly failed.
The Senate bill, which passed 52 to 47, is the first in nearly a
decade to tackle the growth of entitlement spending, the part of the
federal budget that rises automatically based on set formulas and
population changes. It would shave payments to some farmers by 2.5
percent, while eliminating a major cotton support program and trimming
agriculture conservation spending. A proposal to limit payments to rich
farmers failed yesterday. The measure passed largely along party lines,
with only two Democrats voting for it and five Republicans voting
against it. Yesterday's action is part of an effort
by congressional Republicans to demonstrate fiscal discipline after
widespread complaints of profligate spending on Capitol Hill. ... 51
many Democrats and some moderate Republicans are concerned that the
effort may go too far, prominent Republicans in the Senate and House
said the cuts were necessary to slow the rate of spending and control a
deficit projected to total $314 billion by the end of the fiscal year.
During a speech yesterday, former House majority leader Tom
Delay (R-Tex) repeatedly apologized for excessive spending by Congress,
including recent highway legislation that was ...52 with
lawmakers' pet projects. After noting that House Republicans have voted
to cut taxes every year since winning the majority in 1994, DeLay
acknowledged, "Our record on spending has not been as consistent, ...53 ."(Adapted from washingtonpost.com)O projeto de lei de que trata o texto
a) pode economizar 35 bilhões de dólares aos cofres públicos americanos.
b) vem sendo negociado há mais de cinco anos.
c) vai reduzir em 35 bilhões de dólares os gastos excessivos do governo nas áreas de saúde e educação.
d) não contempla as fraudes no programa Medicaid.
e) mantém a proibição de prospecção de petróleo na reserva do Alasca.